International labelling GIs

In the old world, the region is often the only thing eluding to the style of wine in the bottle, Champagne for instance. The European system has many layers, starting at table wine level, such as Vin de France where the origin of the wine can be far reaching within a country, be limited to a declared region (geographical indicator or GI) such as Vin de Pays where there is no limit of the grape variety. For the prestige wines, not only the region is designated but the permitted grape varieties are required for the AOC mark. In some regions, such as Burgundy, there are further quality ratings of villages, and even vineyards that determine how a wine can be labelled, and often are hallmarks of quality and price. The new world is free of much of these controls which has allowed the exploration of new regions and varieties.

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